Tuesday, 21 October 2014

Plus ça change: Infectious Diseases Past & Present



“It troubled me to pass by Coome farme where about twenty-one people have died of the plague, and three or four days since I saw a dead corps in a coffin lie in the Close unburied, and a watch is constantly kept there night and day to keep the people in, the plague making us cruel, as doggs, one to another.”[1]
                                                                                 - Samuel Pepys, Monday 4 September, 1665.
“My parents said, quite a few times, that they wish I died.  I’m not sure that wouldn’t have been a better thing.  I’d come crawling through the living room, when they had company, and the subject would change, as to why I wasn’t walking and what was wrong.  They didn’t want anybody to know about it.  It’s something that’s contagious, and nobody wanted to be around it, for fear of catching it.  They would put me in the closet when they had company.”[2]
                                                                - Rick Spalsbury contracted polio in 1945 at the age of 2.
“Racial tension has swept through a block of flats in a suburb favoured by upwardly mobile immigrants where one resident has gone down with the disease despite having no direct exposure to carriers. ‘Our parents and our teacher told us to keep away from Chinese,’ said Narges Aziz, a nine-year-old whose parents were born in Afghanistan. ‘It's scary.’ Narges and her brother Daoud both wore surgical masks and surgical gloves to avoid infection when opening the door to the flats in the suburb of Scarborough.”[3]
                          - Marcus Warren "Sars spreads racial tension as Toronto feels pariah status," 2003.
“Warranted or not, the Ebola scare has hit Howard Yocum Elementary School in Maple Shade, New Jersey. The school has been notifying parents that two students from an east African nation have enrolled. They were supposed to begin classes on Monday; however, after backlash from parents, those kids are now being kept out of school.  The children in question moved here from Rwanda, which is about 2600 miles away from the closest affected country in West Africa. That's about as close as Seattle, Washington is to Philadelphia. But for some parents it really doesn't matter. ‘Anybody from that area should just stay there until all this stuff is resolved. There's nobody affected here let's just keep it that way,” said parent John Povlow.’”[4]
                                                              - Chris O'Connell "Burlington Students Kept Home," 2014.
Infectious diseases breed fear.  That this fear is then compounded by ignorance and whispered rumours, media, and our own imaginations is simply a fact of life.  Recently these fears have been reflected, perhaps too well, in news articles prophesying new superbugs and the end of civilization.
     
Disease, however, is an inevitable part of life.  As Tony McMichael wrote in his Human Frontiers, Environments and Disease, “as the scale of social-demographic change and of human impact on the ecosphere escalates, so the probabilities of infectious diseases, both new and resurgent, increase.”[5]  

Indeed, only in the past 50 years we’ve identified the following diseases and/or their pathogens: ebola (1976), Lyme disease (1982) HIV (1988), Hepatitis C (1989), “Mad Cow” disease and H5N1 bird flu (1997).[6]  We face the re-emergence of diseases like plague (bubonic), tuberculosis, and polio.

It is no wonder that we see pictures of people wearing surgical masks and homemade hazmat suits, or that sales of hand sanitizer have increased significantly, and that there are companies preying on people’s desperation by selling unapproved remedies.  In response to everything from the Justinian plague, to the sweating sickness, to influenza, SARS, and now ebola, humans have reacted in both truly heroic and truly horrible and illogical ways. 

Fear, panic, and anger, it seems, are universal reactions to infectious disease that transcend time.  As public health services seek to confine disease, it’s up to the rest of us to act responsibly and compassionately. 
--------------------
For the second half of this post, Dr. Heather Battles shares some of the similarities between the mid-20th century polio epidemic and the current crisis over ebola:

The fear and panic over Ebola today echoes similar reactions in previous epidemics in human history - including polio in Canada in the mid-20th century.
Globe and Mail, August 18 1937, pg. 4
In an incident reminiscent of recent stories of people donning plastic body suits and face masks at airports out of fear of Ebola, during the 1937 polio epidemic in Ontario a tourist reportedly arrived at Niagara Falls wearing a gas mask.[7]  During that same epidemic, a Letter to the Editor by someone who signed himself “Family-Man” called for American tourists to be subjected to a medical examination upon entering Canada.[8]

Along with such anecdotes about individuals, the news media often presented contradictory and confusing messages about polio (sound familiar?).[9]  A 1948 Maclean’s article entitled “Don’t Panic Over Polio” attempted to reassure worried parents that polio was really a fairly uncommon disease and that their children’s chances of contracting it and either dying or being crippled by it were relatively low.[10]  However, the same article describes polio as “among the most mysterious of mankind’s afflictions”[11] and “the most difficult human disease to diagnose”[12] with “no known drug or treatment that can ward off paralysis.”[13] 

A further example of contradictory messages from media and public health officials can be found in three articles from the Globe and Mail newspaper in August of 1937.  One article reported on August 7 that three new paralytic polio cases had arisen and that officials were warning parents that all children with flu-like symptoms, which could be the start of polio, should be examined by a doctor.[14]  Another article on August 11 advised that “no complaint should be overlooked.”[15] Then on August 18, the page four headline screamed “Unfounded Paralysis Fear Causes Near Panic: Parents’ Imagination Blamed for Influx of Tots to Hospital.”[16]  The article quotes health officials as blaming parents for panicking and acting hysterical when most cases turn out not to be polio.[17]  Clive Seale notes in his book Media and Health that it is common for newspapers to appeal to readers “not to panic” while their stories encourage just that.[18]

Plus ça change…

Let me/us know what you think here or on Twitter, I’m @medhistorian with @anthroetc


[1] Diary of Samuel Pepys, 4 September 1665.
[2] Julie Silver and Daniel Wilson, Polio Voices: An Oral History from the American Polio Epidemics and Worldwide Eradication Efforts, Greenwood Publishing Group (2007), 67-68.
 [5] Tony McMichael, Human Frontiers, Environments and Disease: Past Patterns, Uncertain Futures, Cambridge University Press (2001), 122.
[6] Ibid., 115-116.
[7] Leslie Scrivener, “The Plague of ’37: When Polio Hit Toronto Schools and 758 Lives Changed Forever,” Toronto Star, September 6 1987, D1.
[8] Globe and Mail, September 2 1937, 6.
[9] Kathryn Black, In the Shadow of Polio: A Personal and Social History (New York: Addison-Wesley, 1996), 46-47.
[10] Nevill, “Don’t Panic Over Polio,” 7.
[11] Nevill, “Don’t Panic Over Polio,” 7.
[12] Nevill, “Don’t Panic Over Polio,” 32.
[13] Nevill, “Don’t Panic Over Polio,” 33.
[14] Globe and Mail, August 7 1937, 4.
[15] Globe and Mail, August 11 1937, 6.
[16] Globe and Mail, August 18 1937, 4.
[17] Globe and Mail, August 18 1937, 4.
[18] Clive Seale, Media and Health (London: SAGE Publications, 2002), 81.

21 comments:

  1. Quite an eye opening and informative article this is. Science and medication has evolved in the last few decades. While we have identified diseases, what matters to the common man is, is science discovering the treatments in the same speed or not

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Dr. Sam has really made me so much believe in him by getting me cured with his herbal treatment. I really appreciate you Dr. Sam for bringing back happiness to my life again. thank you so much, friends join me to thank him for what he has actually done for me I pray to you all for a good life and good health, and most especially to you Dr. Sam THANKS.

      I have been suffering from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) disease for the past four years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year, I had faith in God that I would be healed someday. This disease started circulating all over my body and i have been taking treatment from my doctor, few months ago i came on search on the internet if i could get any information concerning the cure of this disease, on my search i saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) by this Man Dr. Sam and she drop the email address of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so I wrote to Dr. Sam telling him about my (HERPES Virus) well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man a few weeks later i started experiencing changes all over me. I am nowhere to testify that i am no longer a herpes patient, I have experienced a total transformation in my life, for all herpes patients get your herbal medicine to cure your sickness. And there has been rapid improvement in my health, I no longer feel pains and I wake up each morning feeling revived. So friends my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all, you can contact him. (Supremecurehome@gmail.com) Website: http://www.supremecurehome.blogspot.com
      CANCER
      EPILEPSY.
      GENPILENCIN.
      HIV AIDS.
      DIABETICS
      STROKE.
      EXPANDS OF PENIS BREAST
      H.P.V TYPE 1 TYPE 2 TYPE 3 AND TYPE 4. TYPE 5.
      HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS.
      HERPES.
      SYPHILIS.
      HEPATITIS A B and C.

      Email: Supremecurehome@gmail.com Or WhatsApp number +2347087462033

      Delete

    2. I was having serious relationship problems with my boyfriend and it had resulted in him moving out to his friend’s apartment. Everything got worse because he started going to bars and strip clubs frequently with his friend, getting drunk and passing out. He always threatens me on phone whenever I call him because of all the bad advises that his friend has given him. I really love him and we had been dating for 6 years which gave us a beautiful daughter. I had also lost a lot of money on therapists until I was introduced to Dr. Okaya by a friend whom he helped to marry her childhood boyfriend; this gave me total confidence and strength to get him back. I did all he asked and after 48 hours my boyfriend called me and rushed back home, things just changed between us emotionally. He has a job and stopped drinking and keeping irrelevant friends. It’s a miracle I never believed was possible because I had lost all hope until I found Dr.Okaya. So that’s why I promised to share my testimony all over the universe. All thanks goes to Dr.Okaya for the excessive work that he has done for me. Below is the email address in situation you are undergoing a heart break, and I assure you that as he has done mine for me, he will definitely help you too. OKAYASPELLHELP@GMAIL.COM call/Whatsapp +27814506790

      Delete
    3. Hello, everyone! I,m here to explore blogs and forum about the wonderful
      and most safe cure for HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS (HSV).
      I was positive to the deadly virus called HERPES and i lost hope because i
      was out casted and rejected even by my closet friends.
      i searched on-line to know and enquirer about cure for HERPES and i read
      someone testimony on how he was cured from HSV-2 so i decided to contact
      the same herbalist Call Dr Edidia because i know that nature has the power
      to heal everything.
      i contacted him to know how he can help me and he told me never to worry
      that he will help me with the natural herbs from God!
      after 2 days of contacting him, he told me that the cure has been ready and
      he sent it to me via UPS SPEED POST and it got to me after 3 days!
      i used the medicine as he instructed me (MORNING and EVENING) and i was
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      its really like a dream but i am so happy!
      thats the reason i decided to also add more comment of Him so that more can
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      or whatsapp +2349074505296
      here is the Dr Blog page
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      https://herbalcureforhbv.blogspot.com

      I,m rosesharon and you can get intouch with me via rosesharon915@gmail.com

      Delete
    4. Having Herpes is a Terrible Experience and my Experience will help some hsv patients beware of Herbs from online doc.
      I was positive to the deadly virus called HERPES and i lost hope because i
      was out casted and rejected even by my closet friends.
      i searched on-line to know and enquirer about cure for HERPES and i read
      someone testimony on how he was cured from HSV-2 so i decided to contact
      the same herbalist Call Dr Edidia because i know that nature has the power
      to heal everything.
      i contacted him to know how he can help me and he told me never to worry
      that he will help me with the natural herbs from God!
      after 2 days of contacting him, he told me that the cure has been ready and
      he sent it to me via UPS SPEED POST and it got to me after 3 days!
      i used the medicine as he instructed me (MORNING and EVENING) and i was
      cured!
      its really like a dream but i am so happy!
      thats the reason i decided to also add more comment of Him so that more can
      be saved just like me!
      and if you need his help, you can email him on dredidiaherbalhome@gmail.com
      or whatsapp +2349074505296
      here is the Dr website https://dr-edidia-herbal-home.business.site/

      I,m rosesharon and you can get intouch with me via rosesharon915@gmail.com

      Delete
    5. just got diagnosed with HSV1, and reading this actually made me feel like crawling and crying like a baby. The outbreak I have right now is genital and in my throat and mouth, I talked to the doctor who did the blood test on me and said over time that it would eventually get much better. She said that what I’m having is a massive outbreak and is unusual, but that it may be due to the fact that I stressed myself out over it so much. She also told me even though I have it in the genital area that It doesn't mean that I needed “private to private” contact to acquire it. But this did make me feel a whole lot better about the whole situation. For anyone else to have HSV1 after all this stress and pains am passing and the doctor saying all such of crap i was not convince by his Theory so i decided to go on the internet and saw this comments by Rose who testify about how she get cured by root and herbs by Dr AZUKA, when i first bump into it i didn't believe the comments at first so i decided to confront her on Facebook and really know what and how did it work because my doctor told me there is no cure for herpes, so i really contacted DR AZUKA, he responded in A minute the only thing he ever ask for was just the items of which he will use to prepare for the herbs, after all this he send the herbs through courier Services, within a week i was cure just like that without no struggle or stress, if you are out there in need of cure contact him with his email address: Dr.azukasolutionhome@gmail.com OR reach him on his mobile phone +2348132777335

      Delete
  2. Replies

    1. I was having serious relationship problems with my boyfriend and it had resulted in him moving out to his friend’s apartment. Everything got worse because he started going to bars and strip clubs frequently with his friend, getting drunk and passing out. He always threatens me on phone whenever I call him because of all the bad advises that his friend has given him. I really love him and we had been dating for 6 years which gave us a beautiful daughter. I had also lost a lot of money on therapists until I was introduced to Dr. Okaya by a friend whom he helped to marry her childhood boyfriend; this gave me total confidence and strength to get him back. I did all he asked and after 48 hours my boyfriend called me and rushed back home, things just changed between us emotionally. He has a job and stopped drinking and keeping irrelevant friends. It’s a miracle I never believed was possible because I had lost all hope until I found Dr.Okaya. So that’s why I promised to share my testimony all over the universe. All thanks goes to Dr.Okaya for the excessive work that he has done for me. Below is the email address in situation you are undergoing a heart break, and I assure you that as he has done mine for me, he will definitely help you too. OKAYASPELLHELP@GMAIL.COM call/Whatsapp +27814506790

      Delete
  3. Dr. Sam has really made me so much believe in him by getting me cured with his herbal treatment. I really appreciate you Dr. Sam for bringing back happiness to my life again. thank you so much, friends join me to thank him for what he has actually done for me I pray to you all for a good life and good health, and most especially to you Dr. Sam THANKS.

    I have been suffering from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) disease for the past four years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year, I had faith in God that I would be healed someday. This disease started circulating all over my body and i have been taking treatment from my doctor, few months ago i came on search on the internet if i could get any information concerning the cure of this disease, on my search i saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) by this Man Dr. Sam and she drop the email address of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so I wrote to Dr. Sam telling him about my (HERPES Virus) well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man a few weeks later i started experiencing changes all over me. I am nowhere to testify that i am no longer a herpes patient, I have experienced a total transformation in my life, for all herpes patients get your herbal medicine to cure your sickness. And there has been rapid improvement in my health, I no longer feel pains and I wake up each morning feeling revived. So friends my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all, you can contact him. (Supremecurehome@gmail.com) Website: http://www.supremecurehome.blogspot.com
    CANCER
    EPILEPSY.
    GENPILENCIN.
    HIV AIDS.
    DIABETICS
    STROKE.
    EXPANDS OF PENIS BREAST
    H.P.V TYPE 1 TYPE 2 TYPE 3 AND TYPE 4. TYPE 5.
    HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS.
    HERPES.
    SYPHILIS.
    HEPATITIS A B and C.

    Email: Supremecurehome@gmail.com Or WhatsApp number +2347087462033

    ReplyDelete

  4. I was having serious relationship problems with my boyfriend and it had resulted in him moving out to his friend’s apartment. Everything got worse because he started going to bars and strip clubs frequently with his friend, getting drunk and passing out. He always threatens me on phone whenever I call him because of all the bad advises that his friend has given him. I really love him and we had been dating for 6 years which gave us a beautiful daughter. I had also lost a lot of money on therapists until I was introduced to Dr. Okaya by a friend whom he helped to marry her childhood boyfriend; this gave me total confidence and strength to get him back. I did all he asked and after 48 hours my boyfriend called me and rushed back home, things just changed between us emotionally. He has a job and stopped drinking and keeping irrelevant friends. It’s a miracle I never believed was possible because I had lost all hope until I found Dr.Okaya. So that’s why I promised to share my testimony all over the universe. All thanks goes to Dr.Okaya for the excessive work that he has done for me. Below is the email address in situation you are undergoing a heart break, and I assure you that as he has done mine for me, he will definitely help you too. OKAYASPELLHELP@GMAIL.COM call/Whatsapp +27814506790

    ReplyDelete

  5. I AM HERE TO TESTIFY ON HOW MY HERPES VIRUS WAS CURED BY DR LEWIS.

    I'm Liubov Nikonets, from Texas USA. I had been in a relationship with a guy and we had unprotected sex for the first time and within a day i got a big bump on the crease of my thigh and vagina. after a few days it began to hurt more and more. I told him to take a picture of it for me, and it looked like open sores, like bugs were biting off my skin or something. So i went to the ER and they said genital herpes. I was soooo depressed. my boyfriend and i cried. he cried for me, but he had no idea he had it too. next day, same thing happens to him. at this point, we think i gave it to him because I was the first one to show the symptoms. The next phase I went through was depression. At this point, all I did was sleep and cry. I felt like my life was over. I knew I could never get married, I felt dirty, and worthless. I was depressed for about two months. I fought thoughts of suicide and it was a hassle to even carry out my daily tasks. So I started to wonder if there would be a remedy to this disease, which led me to going to visiting many hospitals, and nothing good came out from it, until I read a person’s testimony online that said that they were cured with the help of Dr LEWIS Spell, of this disease that the world deems incurable and tears rolled down my face. That persons testimony sparked a hope in me that led me to contact Dr LEWIS. So he assured us that we are going to be alright, after meeting up with the necessary requirements, he sent us a parcel and gave us instruction guide on how to use it, which we did, after 7 days of using the medication, the herpes was totally cured. So I and my boyfriend went and got tested for every STD in the book and every single test came back NEGATIVE, we also went back to the hospital, and it was confirmed NEGATIVE. I am posting my testimony to help someone out there suffering from this disease. Do not hesitate to contact Dr LEWIS via e-mail: Lewis7temple@gmail.com or WhatsApp him on +393511568477
    HE ALSO HAS CURE TO THE FOLLOWING DISEASE:
    HPV
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    CHLAMYDIA
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    GONORRHEA
    HBV
    SYPHILIS
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    BOOBS ENLARGEMENT.

    ReplyDelete
  6. AN Amazing Testimony On A Spell Caster Who help me to get pregnant, So me and my partner have been trying for a baby for the last 5 years now and we have had no luck. I don't have a regular cycle so it is hard for me to tell when I'm ovulating or not, but we always have sex at least 2 times a week, sometimes more. I know it can take up to a year to conceive but everyone i know who have had a baby have conceived within 2-3months of trying and it is really getting to me. my partner had a fertility test about a year ago and his sperm were fine. I'm thinking it could be a problem with me but I've never had any symptoms of any problems. My partner does smoke and have the occasional Priest ink, and i used to smoke and also have the occasional Priest ink. i know i'm slightly overweight but that shouldn't affect our chances too much,one faithful day my friend told me to contact a spell caster that help her aunty, then i contact the man on this email: babaka.wolf@gmail.com , after three months the doctor confirm that i am pregnant thank you Priest Babaka for helping me get a baby, I am thankful for all he has done. contact him via email: babaka.wolf@gmail.com or Facebook at priestly.babaka if you are trying to get a baby or want your lover back. he has powers to do it, he has done mine

    AN Amazing Testimony On A Spell Caster Who help me to get pregnant, So me and my partner have been trying for a baby for the last 5 years now and we have had no luck. I don't have a regular cycle so it is hard for me to tell when I'm ovulating or not, but we always have sex at least 2 times a week, sometimes more. I know it can take up to a year to conceive but everyone i know who have had a baby have conceived within 2-3months of trying and it is really getting to me. my partner had a fertility test about a year ago and his sperm were fine. I'm thinking it could be a problem with me but I've never had any symptoms of any problems. My partner does smoke and have the occasional Priest ink, and i used to smoke and also have the occasional Priest ink. i know i'm slightly overweight but that shouldn't affect our chances too much,one faithful day my friend told me to contact a spell caster that help her aunty, then i contact the man on this email: babaka.wolf@gmail.com , after three months the doctor confirm that i am pregnant thank you Priest Babaka for helping me get a baby, I am thankful for all he has done. contact him via email: babaka.wolf@gmail.com or Facebook at priestly.babaka if you are trying to get a baby or want your lover back. he has powers to do it, he has done mine


    AN Amazing Testimony On A Spell Caster Who help me to get pregnant, So me and my partner have been trying for a baby for the last 5 years now and we have had no luck. I don't have a regular cycle so it is hard for me to tell when I'm ovulating or not, but we always have sex at least 2 times a week, sometimes more. I know it can take up to a year to conceive but everyone i know who have had a baby have conceived within 2-3months of trying and it is really getting to me. my partner had a fertility test about a year ago and his sperm were fine. I'm thinking it could be a problem with me but I've never had any symptoms of any problems. My partner does smoke and have the occasional Priest ink, and i used to smoke and also have the occasional Priest ink. i know i'm slightly overweight but that shouldn't affect our chances too much,one faithful day my friend told me to contact a spell caster that help her aunty, then i contact the man on this email: babaka.wolf@gmail.com , after three months the doctor confirm that i am pregnant thank you Priest Babaka for helping me get a baby, I am thankful for all he has done. contact him via email: babaka.wolf@gmail.com or Facebook at priestly.babaka if you are trying to get a baby or want your lover back. he has powers to do it, he has done mine

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  10. Hello am Christiana from the united state, i read some testimony about DR.OSUKO on how he has helped people in bringing back there ex within 48hours i was just thinking if that was real,And decided to call a lady who made a testimony and also DR.OSUKO her number,So i called her and ask her about DR.OSUKO she said DR.OSUKO is a trustworthy man and he his ready to bring back my lover for me,i was just so happy and a little bit relief that my lover will be back to me soon,Then i decided in contacting DR.OSUKO which i did,And before i could share him my problem he has already told me what i came for,And he said everything will be okay within 48hours that my lover will be back to my arms,So he said he would be casting the spell and that within 48hours my lover would call me,So i hoped so truly before the 48hours i got a call from a man who has left me for the past 6years saying he is sorry and he wants me back,i was happy and i said i also want him back,Then i traveled to canada to meet him up,And he apologized for what he has done to me now he proposed to marry me and we are both preparing for our wedding soon,All thanks to the great and World best spell caster,DR.OSUKO His private mail osukospelltemple@gmail.com

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  11. Hello everyone i am happy to spread my testimony of a strong spell caster called Dr JEKWU. I'm Kaitlyn Houston and i live in USA, my husband and i had a little fight because of that he wanted to divorce me i was so afraid to lose him because i love him very much so i search online for help and i saw alot of people's testimonies on how Dr JEKWU help them and came out with positive results like Divorces, Cancers, lotteries, fertilities and others. So i emailed him and told him my problem and he told me what to do and I did it as he instructed, 24 hours later he told me he is done with the spell and my husband will no longer divorce me and when my husband came back from work he told me he won't divorce me anymore he said he didn't know what came over him that he is sorry I was so happy and I thank Dr JEKWU for his help If you need Dr JEKWU help email him at jekwulovespelltemple@gmail.com or you can also add him on WhatsApp +1(320) 313-2035 and he will put an end to your problem

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  12. I am bold enough among many others to state that there is now a potent cure to this sickness but many are unaware of it. I discovered that I was infected with the virus 3 months ago, after a medical check-up. My doctor told me and I was shocked, confused and felt like my world has crumbled. I was dying slowly due to the announcement of my medical practitioner but he assured me that I could leave a normal life if I took my medications (as there was no medically known cure to Herpes). I went from churches to churches but soon found that my case needed urgent attention as I was growing lean due to fear of dying anytime soon. In a bid to look for a lasting solution to my predicament, I sought for solutions from the herbal world. I went online and searched for every powerful trado-medical practitioner that I could severe, cos I heard that the African Herbs had a cure to the Herpes syndrome. It was after a little time searching the web that I came across one Dr Itua(A powerful African Herbal Doctor), who offered to help me at a monetary fee. I had to comply as this was my final bus-stop to receiving a perfect healing. My last resolve was to take my life by myself, should this plan fail. At last it worked out well. He gave me some steps to follow and I meticulously carried out all his instructions. Last month, to be precise, I went back to the hospital to conduct another test and to my amazement, the results showed that negative,Dr Itua Can As Well Cure The Following Desease…Cancer,Hiv,Herpes, Hepatitis B,Liver Inflammatory,Diabetis,Fribroid,Bladder Cancer,Colorectal Cancer,Breast Cancer,Kidney Cancer,Leukemia,Lung Cancer,Non Hodgkin Lymphoma,Skin Cancer,Uterine Cancer,Prostate Cancer Dercum,fibromyalgia,Get Your Ex Back,Als,SYPHILLIS,Genetic disease,Epilepsy, Parkinson's disease..You can free yourself of this Herpes virus by consulting this great African Herbal Doctor via this e-mail: drituaherbalcenter@gmail.com or call and whatsapp him on +2348149277967 He will help you and his herb medication is sure. he has the cure on all disease .You can talk to me on INSTAGRAM..tashamoore219....

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  13. just got diagnosed with HSV1, and reading this actually made me feel like crawling and crying like a baby. The outbreak I have right now is genital and in my throat and mouth, I talked to the doctor who did the blood test on me and said over time that it would eventually get much better. She said that what I’m having is a massive outbreak and is unusual, but that it may be due to the fact that I stressed myself out over it so much. She also told me even though I have it in the genital area that It doesn't mean that I needed “private to private” contact to acquire it. But this did make me feel a whole lot better about the whole situation. For anyone else to have HSV1 after all this stress and pains am passing and the doctor saying all such of crap i was not convince by his Theory so i decided to go on the internet and saw this comments by Rose who testify about how she get cured by root and herbs by Dr AZUKA, when i first bump into it i didn't believe the comments at first so i decided to confront her on Facebook and really know what and how did it work because my doctor told me there is no cure for herpes, so i really contacted DR AZUKA, he responded in A minute the only thing he ever ask for was just the items of which he will use to prepare for the herbs, after all this he send the herbs through courier Services, within a week i was cure just like that without no struggle or stress, if you are out there in need of cure contact him with his email address: Dr.azukasolutionhome@gmail.com OR reach him on his mobile phone +2348132777335

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