Tuesday, 19 May 2015

Achoo!!!: The Humble Sneeze



The bridge of your nose tingles and your eyes start to water, after a quick intake of breath through your mouth, you can feel the pressure building in your sinuses until your body is wracked with a quick, explosive movement, expelling air, mucus, and irritants.

You have just sneezed.

Those of us with seasonal allergies are perhaps a bit too familiar with that feeling right now!

Sneezing happens when our mucus membranes are irritated by allergens, disease, or other triggers and is an attempt to forcefully expel the irritant.

What Is A Sneeze Anyway?

For some early modern medical practitioners, a sneeze was a bit more complicated.  As Robert Bayfield wrote, a sneeze was an “involuntary expulsion (by the nostrils) of the flatulent windie spirits, and sharp vapours offending the brain.”[1]  Indeed, as another author noted, sneezing was very useful to cure “obstructions of the substance of the brain.”[2]

Sneezing, it was believed, helped to remove superfluous humours from the brain.[3]

Photo via CDC/ Brian Judd (Photo Credit: James Gathany, 2009)
Jean Baptiste van Helmont questioned this assumed connection between the brain and sneezing.[4]  Comparing the “waterish snivel” and “snotty snivel” that exited his proboscis, van Helmont noted that both occurred when he inhaled powdered hellebore and tobacco.  Since both occurred quickly after nasal irritation, they were “speedily made” without any “hurting of the brain” and thus not some sort of “brain excrement.”[5]

Aside from expelling excessive brain humours, John Pechey noted, that sneezing could also be a symptom of disease or of “sharp Vapours…transmitted to the Nostrils.”[6] 

The sneeze was so commonplace - even in times of health – that Pechey wrote it “scarce deserves the Name of a Symptom.”  Yet, he continued, why would we say “God bless you” when someone sneezes if it were not sometimes dangerous?[7] 

Indeed, the origin of the wishing well the sneezer was a matter of some debate.  Some argued that the practice began with Prometheus.  Others argued that the practice was popularized in the sixth century during the time of Pope Gregory “when at Rome in a great sicknesse, men died with sneezing” during a time of epidemic disease (likely the Plague of Justinian.[8]

The humble sneeze, then, deserved a bit of respect!

Sneezing and Prognostication

For the superstitious, sneezing could be used to prognosticate whether an ill person would live or die:
Also take a handfull Rew, and stamp it with oyle of Roses, and lay it upon his head, being shaven before, if he sneeze once he shall live, if he sneeze not he shall dye: this is proved by Galen.[9]
Sneezing and Sex

A truly surprising number of midwifery texts mention sneezing.  Pechey’s The Compleat Midwife’s Practice Enlarged, for example, argues that a violent sneeze could break a hymen (and so a lack of hymen did not equal a lack of virginity).[10]

Violent sneezes were said to cause female genital and rectal prolapse and even to “loosen the Ligaments of the Womb, and so cause miscarriage.”[11]

Despite these potentially serious complications, medical practitioners thought that sneezing could also be remarkably beneficial to pregnant women during labour.  Indeed, Robert Johnson thought that it was “a good sign of deliverance” if a labouring woman naturally began sneezing.[12]

Philip Barrough wrote that inducing sneezing was particularly helpful to “strong” women who laboured for several days with a large child or even multiple children.[13] 

The sheer violence of sneezing was thought to speed up the delivery process and many practitioners listed methods of inducing sneezing fits in their labouring patients.

Pechey, for example, recommended the following powder to induce sneezing in pregnant women: 
Take of white Hellebore, half a dram, of long Pepper, one Scruple, of Castor five grains. Make a Powder: Let the quantity of a Pease be blown up the Nostrils.[14]

Inducing Sneezing

Sneezing powders with a variety of ingredients were ground into very fine powders and then blown up the nostrils with a hollow quill. 

Hannah Woolley recommended this one:
Take Cloves, Ginger, and Calamint, of each a like quantity, boyl them in White-Wine, and therewith wash the Nose within; then put in the powder of Piritrum to provoke one to sneeze.[15]
White hellebore. Photo credit: wiki user Planchon.

Paul Barbette, a French surgeon, used the following sneezing powder on John N., a fellow surgeon, who was suffering from the plague:
Take the flower of Lillies of the Valley, Leaves of Marjoram, of each half a scruple; white Hellebore, three grains: Make them into fine Powder.

As Barbette recorded, the powder encouraged his patient to sneeze “3 or 4 times” before dying.[16]

White hellebore, or sneezewort, was used frequently to induce therapeutic sneezing.  Nicholas Culpeper’s translation of the Royal College pharmacopeia lists grated white hellebore as a harsh medicine that induced sneezing, killed rodents when consumed, and could be used to treat melancholy.[17]

Sooo…suffering from seasonal allergies right now?  Just think, all that sneezing is actually making you healthier and happier ;)

Let me know what you think here or on Twitter – I’m (a sneezy) @medhistorian.


[1] Robert Bayfield, Tes Iatrikes Kartos, London: printed by D. Maxwell (1663), 148.
[2] M. Flamant, The Art of Preserving and Restoring Health, London: printed by R. Bently, H. Bonwick, and S. Manship (1697), 78.
[3] John Pechey, The Store-House of Physical Practice, London: printed for Henry Bonwicke (1695), 99.
[4] Jean Baptiste van Helmont, Van Helmont’s Works, London: printed for Lodowick Lloyd (1664), 1041-1042.
[5] Ibid.
[6] Pechey, 99.
[7] Ibid.
[8] Ibid and Alexander Ross, Arcana Microcosmi, London: printed by Tho. Newcomb (1652), 222.
[9] Philiatros, Natura Exenterata, London: printed for H. Twiford (1655), 279.
[10] Pechey, The Compleat Midwife’s Practice Enlarged, London: printed for H. Rhodes et al (1698), 286.
[11] Robert Johnson, Praxis Medicinae Reformata, London: printed for Brabazon Aylmer (1700), 242-243 and 249.
[12] Ibid., 253.
[13] Philip Barrough, The Methode of Phisicke, London: printed by Thomas Vautroullier (1583), 161.
[14] Pechey, A Plain and Short Treatise of An Apoplexy London: printed for the author (1698),18.
[15] Hannah Woolley, The Accomplish’d Lady’s Delight, London: printed for B. Harris (1675), 198.
[16] Paul Barbette, Thesaurus Chirurgiae, London: printed for Henry Rodes (1687), 392-393.
[17] Nicholas Culpeper, Pharmacopeoia Londinensis, London: printed for Peter Cole (1653),  6.

32 comments:

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  2. A great read I must say. Never thought about sneezing in so much depth but I thoroughly enjoyed this post and all these amazing facts about sneezing. Will definitely share it wit others.

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  5. Hello I am Mia Jack l ,I am out here to spread this good news to the entire world on how I got my ex lover back.I was going crazy when my love left me for another girl last month, But when i meet a friend that introduce me to DR PATRICK the great messenger to the oracle that he serve,I narrated my problem to DR PATRICK about how my ex love left me and also how i needed to get a job in a very big company.He only said to me that i have come to the right place were i will be getting my heart desire without any side effect.He told me what i need to do,After it was been done,In the next 2 days,My love called me on the phone and was saying sorry for living me before now and also in the next one week after my love called me to be pleading for forgiveness,I was called for interview in my desired company were i needed to work as the managing director..I am so happy and overwhelmed that i have to tell this to the entire world to contact DR PATRICK at the following email address and get all your problem solve..No problem is too big for him to solve..Contact him direct on: drpatrickspellcaster@yahoo.com or drpatrickspellcaster@gmail.com my page https://miajack483.blogspot.com and get your problems solve like me....or add him up whats-app +1 662 493 2087

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  6. Hello I am Mia Jack l ,I am out here to spread this good news to the entire world on how I got my ex lover back.I was going crazy when my love left me for another girl last month, But when i meet a friend that introduce me to DR PATRICK the great messenger to the oracle that he serve,I narrated my problem to DR PATRICK about how my ex love left me and also how i needed to get a job in a very big company.He only said to me that i have come to the right place were i will be getting my heart desire without any side effect.He told me what i need to do,After it was been done,In the next 2 days,My love called me on the phone and was saying sorry for living me before now and also in the next one week after my love called me to be pleading for forgiveness,I was called for interview in my desired company were i needed to work as the managing director..I am so happy and overwhelmed that i have to tell this to the entire world to contact DR PATRICK at the following email address and get all your problem solve..No problem is too big for him to solve..Contact him direct on: drpatrickspellcaster@yahoo.com or drpatrickspellcaster@gmail.com my page https://miajack483.blogspot.com and get your problems solve like me....or add him up whats-app +1 662 493 2087

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  7. Thank you for your miracle Dr Patrick This article is dedicated to the Dr Patrick. I have been married with my wife for 6 years and recently she broke up with me and it hurt me deeply when she told me to leave her alone and that she does not love me anymore when i was always faithful and honest to her. I tried all the ways to get her back buying her what she wants like i always did and she still left me heart broken and she even has a new boyfriend which destroyed me even more until a friend of mine from high school directed me to this genuine spell Dr called Patrick. This man changed my life completely. I followed everything he told me to do and my wife came back begging for me back. I was stunned everything happened exactly like he told me. I had faith in everything he told me and everything was true. Also he was there every moment until i got my happiness back and he also provides spells that cures impotence, bareness, diseases such as HIV/AID, Herpes, Cancer E.T.C. You can contact him via email at { drpatrickspellcaster@gmail.com }. my page http://evarick45.blogspot.com He will help you in anything you need and quick to answer once you contact him through his whats-app number:+1 (662) 493 2087.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Thank you for your miracle Dr Patrick This article is dedicated to the Dr Patrick. I have been married with my wife for 6 years and recently she broke up with me and it hurt me deeply when she told me to leave her alone and that she does not love me anymore when i was always faithful and honest to her. I tried all the ways to get her back buying her what she wants like i always did and she still left me heart broken and she even has a new boyfriend which destroyed me even more until a friend of mine from high school directed me to this genuine spell Dr called Patrick. This man changed my life completely. I followed everything he told me to do and my wife came back begging for me back. I was stunned everything happened exactly like he told me. I had faith in everything he told me and everything was true. Also he was there every moment until i got my happiness back and he also provides spells that cures impotence, bareness, diseases such as HIV/AID, Herpes, Cancer E.T.C. You can contact him via email at { drpatrickspellcaster@gmail.com }. my page http://evarick45.blogspot.com He will help you in anything you need and quick to answer once you contact him through his whats-app number:+1 (662) 493 2087.

    ReplyDelete
  9. I am bold enough among many others to state that there is now a potent cure to this sickness but many are unaware of it. I discovered that I was infected with the virus 3 months ago, after a medical check-up. My doctor told me and I was shocked, confused and felt like my world has crumbled. I was dying slowly due to the announcement of my medical practitioner but he assured me that I could leave a normal life if I took my medications (as there was no medically known cure to Herpes). I went from churches to churches but soon found that my case needed urgent attention as I was growing lean due to fear of dying anytime soon. In a bid to look for a lasting solution to my predicament, I sought for solutions from the herbal world. I went online and searched for every powerful trado-medical practitioner that I could severe, cos I heard that the African Herbs had a cure to the Herpes syndrome. It was after a little time searching the web that I came across one Dr Itua(A powerful African Herbal Doctor), who offered to help me at a monetary fee. I had to comply as this was my final bus-stop to receiving a perfect healing. My last resolve was to take my life by myself, should this plan fail. At last it worked out well. He gave me some steps to follow and I meticulously carried out all his instructions. Last month, to be precise, I went back to the hospital to conduct another test and to my amazement, the results showed that negative,Dr Itua Can As Well Cure The Following Desease…Cancer,Hiv,Herpes, Hepatitis B,Liver Inflammatory,Diabetis,Fribroid, Dercum,fibromyalgia,Get Your Ex Back,Als,SYPHILLIS. You can free yourself of this Herpes virus by consulting this great African Herbal Doctor via this e-mail: drituaherbalcenter@gmail.com or call and whatsapp him on +2348149277967 He will help you and his herb medication is sure. he has the cure on all disease .You can talk to me on INSTAGRAM..tashamoore219....

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    Replies
    1. My Dear friends online, My name is Patricia Mark and i live in USA, I have to give this miraculous testimony, which is so unbelievable until now. I had a problem with my Ex husband 6 years ago, which lead to our break up. I was not myself again, i felt so empty inside me, my love and financial situation became worst, until a close friend of mine told me about a spell caster who helped her in solving similar problem. He is known as DR.KEN .I email the spell caster and i told him my problems and i did what he asked of me, to cut the long story short. Before i knew what was happening , my husband gave me a call and told me that he was coming back to me i was so happy to have him back to me. The most interesting part of the story is that am pregnant. Thanks to DR.KEN for saving my marriage.

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  11. Are you hurt and heart broken by your husband did he just broke up with you here is your solution, Dr Odinani Owell is your solution I want to quickly tell the world that you need not to worry because i have good news for those out there that are facing similar situation because there is always hope and a solution to all problem. There is a great spell caster called Baba Odinani Owell or email him on odinanisolutioncentre@gmail.com or chats with him on whatsapp. on +15732069284 ,He can really solve your problem. Getting my lover back is what i can’t imagine but when I started losing my mind, I needed help and somewhere to turn to badly until an old friend of mine told me about this spell caster who also helped him on the internet. I thought it won’t work but i just tried to give this man a chance and i ordered a love spell. Two days later, my phone rang.David O’Brien was his old self again and wanted to come back to me! Not only come back, the spell caster opened his eyes to know how much I loved and needed him. This Spell Casting isn’t brainwashing, but he opened up his eyes to know how much we have to share together. I recommend anyone who is in my old situation to try him because he will help you and make things be the way it ought to be. If you have such problem or similar to this, please contact him on his email {odinanisolutioncentre@gmail.com} and just visit Baba Odinani Owell and see so many people testifying about his perfect work. thank you Baba Odinani Owell, i will always be testifying about your good work…dr Odinani you are the best i will continue to been say tanks to you and your good work.....odinanisolutioncentre@gmail.com.... or you can go to hes https://drodinanisolutioncentre.blogspot.com. WhatsApp number+15732069284

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  12. This is amazing i am Andrea Lumia from UK,i am so happy today because of the great work dr Odinani Owelle has done in my life for saving my family. I got married to my loving husband 3 years ago and we were living a happy life together and everything was moving on smoothly without any problem, 4 months later I went to the hospital for checkup and the doctor confirmed that I am three weeks pregnant with my heart filled with joy and my face full of smile and laughter I went home excitedly to tell my husband the good news and he was very excited about the news and that day is a day I will always live to remember, to cut the story short after I have put to birth a bouncing baby girl he was very happy, but along the line and all of a sudden he started keeping late night and doing things he don't use to do before, and one mourning I confronted him about his new attitude but he did not listen to my advice, but to my greatest surprise I discover my husband have a mistress in his office place and they were seeing each other after work hour. on one faithful night my husband came back home and started packing all his belongings and told me that he is tired of me that he is filing for a annulment not knowing that his mistress has cast love spell on him that was why he was acting strange so I told my friend about what am experiencing at home she told me not to worry about that and she gave me this contact odinanisolutioncentre@gmail.com and ask me to contact him that he will help me to bring back my husband in noon less than one week but at first i doubted she told me that this doctor is extremely powerful that the doctor has work for her and she confirm him real so when I got home I contacted him and he told me that my husband is under a great love spell but he promise to help bring back my husband which he actually did within the period of one week. I was surprise to see my husband in the nest mourning bring back all the things he took out of our house and kneel in front of me and my kids crying asking for my forgiveness saying it is the work of the devil that he did not know what he was doing and I forgive him and today we are living happily together. i thank you sir for the great work you did for me for saving my family, in-case you have similar case or even worst than my own you can contact him with his EMAIL ADDRESS. odinanisolutioncentre@gmail.com.Or you can go to he's blog, drodinanisolutioncentre.blogspot.com Or you can whatsapp him on he's +15732069284

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  13. My life is beautiful thanks to you, Mein Helfer. Lord Jesus in my life as a candle light in the darkness. You showed me the meaning of faith with your words. I know that even when I cried all day thinking about how to recover, you were not sleeping, you were dear to me. I contacted the herbal center Dr Itua, who lived in West Africa. A friend of mine here in Hamburg is also from Africa. She told me about African herbs but I was nervous. I am very afraid when it comes to Africa because I heard many terrible things about them because of my Christianity. god for direction, take a bold step and get in touch with him in the email and then move to WhatsApp, he asked me if I can come for treatment or I want a delivery, I told him I wanted to know him I buy ticket in 2 ways to Africa To meet Dr. Itua, I went there and I was speechless from the people I saw there. Patent, sick people. Itua is a god sent to the world, I told my pastor about what I am doing, Pastor Bill Scheer. We have a real battle beautifully with Spirit and Flesh. Adoration that same night. He prayed for me and asked me to lead. I spent 2 weeks and 2 days in Africa at Dr Itua Herbal Home. After the treatment, he asked me to meet his nurse for the HIV test when I did it. It was negative, I asked my friend to take me to another nearby hospital when I arrived, it was negative. I was overwhite with the result, but happy inside of me. We went with Dr. Itua, I thank him but I explain that I do not have enough to show him my appreciation, that he understands my situation, but I promise that he will testify about his good work. Thank God for my dear friend, Emma, ​​I know I could be reading this now, I want to thank you. And many thanks to Dr. Itua Herbal Center. He gave me his calendar that I put on my wall in my house. Dr. Itua can also cure the following diseases ... Cancer, HIV, Herpes, Hepatitis B, Inflammatory Liver, Diabetis, Fribroid, recover your ex. You can contact him by email or whatsapp, @ .. drituaherbalcenter@gmail.com, phone number .. + 2348149277967 .. He is a good doctor, talk to him kindly. I'm sure he will also listen to you.

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  14. My life is beautiful thanks to you, Mein Helfer. Lord Jesus in my life as a candle light in the darkness. You showed me the meaning of faith with your words. I know that even when I cried all day thinking about how to recover, you were not sleeping, you were dear to me. I contacted the herbal center Dr Itua, who lived in West Africa. A friend of mine here in Hamburg is also from Africa. She told me about African herbs but I was nervous. I am very afraid when it comes to Africa because I heard many terrible things about them because of my Christianity. god for direction, take a bold step and get in touch with him in the email and then move to WhatsApp, he asked me if I can come for treatment or I want a delivery, I told him I wanted to know him I buy ticket in 2 ways to Africa To meet Dr. Itua, I went there and I was speechless from the people I saw there. Patent, sick people. Itua is a god sent to the world, I told my pastor about what I am doing, Pastor Bill Scheer. We have a real battle beautifully with Spirit and Flesh. Adoration that same night. He prayed for me and asked me to lead. I spent 2 weeks and 2 days in Africa at Dr Itua Herbal Home. After the treatment, he asked me to meet his nurse for the HIV test when I did it. It was negative, I asked my friend to take me to another nearby hospital when I arrived, it was negative. I was overwhite with the result, but happy inside of me. We went with Dr. Itua, I thank him but I explain that I do not have enough to show him my appreciation, that he understands my situation, but I promise that he will testify about his good work. Thank God for my dear friend, Emma, I know I could be reading this now, I want to thank you. And many thanks to Dr. Itua Herbal Center. He gave me his calendar that I put on my wall in my house. Dr. Itua can also cure the following diseases ... Cancer, HIV, Herpes, Hepatitis B, Inflammatory Liver, Diabetis, Fribroid,Parkinson's disease,Inflammatory bowel disease ,Fibromyalgia, recover your ex. You can contact him by email or whatsapp, @ .. drituaherbalcenter@gmail.com, phone number .. + 2348149277967 .. He is a good doctor, talk to him kindly. I'm sure he will also listen to you.

    ReplyDelete
  15. My Name is Glady`s Vincent and i am presently in london now with my family, I want to tell you all my life story about this God sent to my life Who helped me to get pregnant, I am grateful to Prophet Abulele for making me fertile. I am now a mother of two lovely kids today. I had series of miscarriage 3 years ago and since then i have been trying really hard to get pregnant again. I contacted this man Prophet Abulele with this address : (prophetabulelehealingtemple@gmail.com) to help me with this problem and within 7 days, i conceived and became pregnant with twins baby girls. I am a very happy woman because my problem had cause so many difficulties in my life. Thank you again Prophet Abulele. It is because i am very grateful to him that is why i put up this testimony about him. He is a genuine spell caster with his powers. Contact his email at prophetabulelehealingtemple@gmail.com OR whatsapp him on +2349022406159. he is the answer to all your problems and believe in him

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  16. I can’t believe this. A great testimony that i must share to all HERPES patient in the world i never believed that their could be any complete cure for HERPES or any cure for HERPES,i saw people’s testimony on sites of how DR OLU prepare herbal cure and brought them back to life again. i had to try it too and you can,t believe that in just few weeks i started using it all my pains stop gradually and i had to leave without the HERPES DRUGS the doctor gave to me. Right now i can tell you that few months now i have not had any pain,delay in treatment leads to death. Here is his email:drolusolutionhome@gmail.com his WHATSAPP number is +2348040654426

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  17. It was during my research on HIV/Herpes that I stumbled upon the Hiv/Herpes information; information which is quite easy to find when doing a search for STD on google. I was into conspiracy at the time thought of HIV/Herpes Cured' being a conspiracy was something Ignorance though,I found pretty interesting about herbal medicine. I asked questions about the Herbal cure's on official HIV/Herpes websites and I was banned for doing so by moderators who told me that I was parroting Hiv/Herpes propaganda. This reinforced my belief that there is a cure for Hiv/Herpes Then i found a lady from germany name Achima Abelard Dr Itua Cure her Hiv so I send him a mail about my situation then talk more about it and send me his herbal medicine I drank for two weeks.And today I'm Cured no Hiv/Herpes in my life,I searched for Hiv/Herpes groups to attempt to make contact with people in order to learn more about Hiv/Herpes Herbal Cure's I believed at this time that you with the same disease this information is helpful to you and I wanted to do the best I could to spread this information in the hopes of helping other people.That Dr Itua Herbal Medicine makes me believes there is a hope for people suffering from,Parkinson's disease,Schizophrenia,Cancer,Scoliosis,Fibromyalgia,Fluoroquinolone Toxicity Syndrome Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva.Fatal Familial Insomnia Factor V Leiden Mutation ,Epilepsy Dupuytren's disease,Desmoplastic small-round-cell tumor Diabetes ,Coeliac disease,Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease,Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy, Ataxia,Arthritis,Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis,Alzheimer's disease,Adrenocortical carcinoma.Asthma,Allergic diseases.Hiv_ Aids,Herpes,Inflammatory bowel disease ,Copd,Diabetes,Hepatitis,I read about him online how he cure Tasha and Tara,Conley,Mckinney and many more suffrin from all kind of disease so i contacted him . He's a herbal doctor with a unique heart of God, Contact Emal..drituaherbalcenter@gmail.com Phone or whatsapp..+2348149277967.

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  18. Hey I am Jenny Gupta. So, important article you have posted. Thanks. http://www.jennygupta.com/

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  19. My Dear friends on line, My name is Erin Luke And i live in USA, Ohio, I have to give this miraculous testimony, which is so unbelievable until now. I had a problem with my Ex husband 2 years ago, which lead to our break up. I was not myself again, i felt so empty inside me, my love and financial situation became worst, until a close friend of mine told me about a spell caster who helped her in the same problem too his name is DR PATRICK. I email the spell caster and i told him my problem and i did what he asked of me, to cut the long story short. Before i knew what was happen, less than two days my husband gave me a call and told me that he was coming back to me i was so happy to have him back to me. The most interesting part of the story is that am pregnant. Thanks to DR PATRICK for saving my marriage and for also saving others own too. Continue your good work, If you are interested to contact the great spell caster email address: drpatrickspellcaster@gmail.com or his page https://drpatrickspellcast.blogspot.com
    contact him on whatsapp +1 (662 493 2087)



    My Dear friends on line, My name is Erin Luke And i live in USA, Ohio, I have to give this miraculous testimony, which is so unbelievable until now. I had a problem with my Ex husband 2 years ago, which lead to our break up. I was not myself again, i felt so empty inside me, my love and financial situation became worst, until a close friend of mine told me about a spell caster who helped her in the same problem too his name is DR PATRICK. I email the spell caster and i told him my problem and i did what he asked of me, to cut the long story short. Before i knew what was happen, less than two days my husband gave me a call and told me that he was coming back to me i was so happy to have him back to me. The most interesting part of the story is that am pregnant. Thanks to DR PATRICK for saving my marriage and for also saving others own too. Continue your good work, If you are interested to contact the great spell caster email address: drpatrickspellcaster@gmail.com or his page https://drpatrickspellcast.blogspot.com
    contact him on whatsapp +1 (662 493 2087)

    ReplyDelete
  20. My Dear friends online, My name is Patricia Mark and i live in USA, I have to give this miraculous testimony, which is so unbelievable until now. I had a problem with my Ex husband 6 years ago, which lead to our break up. I was not myself again, i felt so empty inside me, my love and financial situation became worst, until a close friend of mine told me about a spell caster who helped her in solving similar problem. He is known as DR.KEN .I email the spell caster and i told him my problems and i did what he asked of me, to cut the long story short. Before i knew what was happening , my husband gave me a call and told me that he was coming back to me i was so happy to have him back to me. The most interesting part of the story is that am pregnant. Thanks to DR.KEN for saving my marriage.

    Continue your good work sir, If you are interested to contact the great spell caster, here is his email address:greatdrkenspelltemple@gmail.com or contact him on WhatsApp- +2348104557346

    ReplyDelete
  21. My Dear friends online, My name is Patricia Mark and i live in USA, I have to give this miraculous testimony, which is so unbelievable until now. I had a problem with my Ex husband 6 years ago, which lead to our break up. I was not myself again, i felt so empty inside me, my love and financial situation became worst, until a close friend of mine told me about a spell caster who helped her in solving similar problem. He is known as DR.KEN .I email the spell caster and i told him my problems and i did what he asked of me, to cut the long story short. Before i knew what was happening , my husband gave me a call and told me that he was coming back to me i was so happy to have him back to me. The most interesting part of the story is that am pregnant. Thanks to DR.KEN for saving my marriage.

    Continue your good work sir, If you are interested to contact the great spell caster, here is his email address:greatdrkenspelltemple@gmail.com or contact him on WhatsApp- +2348104557346


    My Dear friends online, My name is Patricia Mark and i live in USA, I have to give this miraculous testimony, which is so unbelievable until now. I had a problem with my Ex husband 6 years ago, which lead to our break up. I was not myself again, i felt so empty inside me, my love and financial situation became worst, until a close friend of mine told me about a spell caster who helped her in solving similar problem. He is known as DR.KEN .I email the spell caster and i told him my problems and i did what he asked of me, to cut the long story short. Before i knew what was happening , my husband gave me a call and told me that he was coming back to me i was so happy to have him back to me. The most interesting part of the story is that am pregnant. Thanks to DR.KEN for saving my marriage.

    Continue your good work sir, If you are interested to contact the great spell caster, here is his email address:greatdrkenspelltemple@gmail.com or contact him on WhatsApp- +2348104557346

    ReplyDelete
  22. My Dear friends online, My name is Patricia Mark and i live in USA, I have to give this miraculous testimony, which is so unbelievable until now. I had a problem with my Ex husband 6 years ago, which lead to our break up. I was not myself again, i felt so empty inside me, my love and financial situation became worst, until a close friend of mine told me about a spell caster who helped her in solving similar problem. He is known as DR.KEN .I email the spell caster and i told him my problems and i did what he asked of me, to cut the long story short. Before i knew what was happening , my husband gave me a call and told me that he was coming back to me i was so happy to have him back to me. The most interesting part of the story is that am pregnant. Thanks to DR.KEN for saving my marriage.

    Continue your good work sir, If you are interested to contact the great spell caster, here is his email address:greatdrkenspelltemple@gmail.com or contact him on WhatsApp- +2348104557346

    ReplyDelete
  23. I'm Tony Canbrell from Bergen, Norway, is really amazing having all my dreams come to reality with the aid of DR ODINANI OWELLE. I never believed it until i became a living testimony to it. I have been working for a steel company here in Norway for 8 years and my director always yell at me not doing the right things and whenever i try to confront him, he always give me deaf ears. I got home and i always talk to my wife about it and she became more curious to know where all these errors are coming from because she knows i'm a God fearing man and i don't compromize. She told her friends about my challenges in the office and to my greatest suprise, her friend was able to give me a helping hand with the aid of DR ODINANI OWELLE who i was able to contact through his email: odinanisolutioncentre1@gmail.com telling me that my director is under a spell been done by my colleauge who have hatred for me and guess what happened after DR ODINANI OWELLE helped me out. I went to work as usual and to my greatest suprise, my dirctor walked into my office and told me that he was really sorry for what he has been doing to me for he don't know what always comes to his mind whenever he sees me. Today, myself and my director are in good terms and we both work hard to hard like never before. I thank you DR ODINANI OWELLE for your help and if any of you have similar case or even more than this, you can contact DR ODINANI OWELLE via email: odinanisolutioncentre1@gmail.com for his help and victory is yours you can contact him with his EMAIL ADDRESS odinanisolutioncentre1@gmail.com.Or drodinanisolutioncentre.blogspot.com

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  24. I'm here to testify on how DR ODINANI OWELLE was able to help me bring back my husband to me who was under a love spell. My name is Annabel Canbrell from United Kingdom. I have been so faithful to my husband, we both enjoy our marriage life not until the wind blew off the candle. My husband became a monster in a human form, his attitude changed, he begins to keep late hour forgetting he is marriage. I kept on trying to talk to him about his sudden change but he felt so unconcern. I can't just sit and let my home fall apart rather i spoke with my friend about it. She smiled at me telling me that i have no worries anymore. I asked "how?" and she told me about DR ODINANI OWELLE'S miracleous works. She gave me his email and i wrote him directly at odinanisolutioncentre1@gmail.com concerning my family issue. I got a response from him and he told me not to feel worried anymore. DR ODINANI OWELLE gave me every bit of his words saying that my husband will be mine just the way i wanted it to be and gave me an interval of three (3) days. On the third day, while i was at my garden, my husband came to me on his kneels asking me to forgive him for he lost control over himself. I smiled and told him I always love hime and i will always continue to love him. Today myself and my husband now live happily and things are moving more than fine for us. DR ODINANI OWELLE i say a big thank you for your help.you can contact him with his EMAIL ADDRESS odinanisolutioncentre1@gmail.com.Or drodinanisolutioncentre.blogspot.com

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